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Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar, or Hijri, is based on 12 lunar months. This Islamic calendar page for 2023, has key dates that all Muslims should know about.

Islamic Calendar

HIJRI 1444 • 2022 -2023

The Islamic calendar, otherwise known as the Hijri calendar, follows the lunar year. This means that Islamic months start and end in accordance with the sighting of the new moon.


As a result, these months will fall on different dates in the Gregorian calendar every year. Every Islamic month is significant in its own way, and the importance of each is listed below.

The Month of Jamada Al Awwal

The month of Jumada Al-Awwal is otherwise known as Jumada Al-Ula, and the name derives from an Arabic term meaning dry parched land. This dryness indicates the beginning of Summer.


The month of Shawwal is otherwise known as the Month of Reward and is renowned for Shawwal fasting, in which Muslims reflect on and continue with the teachings of Ramadan.


The month of Sha’ban is often regarded as the Neglected Month; however, since this is the month that precedes Ramadan, Sha’ban fasting is incredibly common.

The Sacred Month of Dhul Hijjah

The month of Dhul Hijjah is the holiest of all in the Islamic calendar, as this is when the Hajj pilgrimage takes place. The start of Dhul Hijjah brings many benefits, especially for those who partake in Dhul Hijjah fasting and refrain from cutting nai

The Month of Ramadan

The month of Ramadan is one of the most well-known Islamic months across the globe, due to Muslims partaking in a month-long fast during this time.

Dhul-Qa'dah: Insights into the Islamic Month

The month of Dhul Qadah is another sacred month in which the initiation of fighting is prohibited, whilst both sins and good deeds are considered more significant.

Rajab: Holy Month in the Islamic Calendar

The month of Rajab is a sacred one, in which Muslims will make Du’a for Rajab via fasting and other methods. Fighting is prohibited during this month, and the effects of good deeds or sins are amplified.

The Month of Jamada Al-Thani

The month of Jumada Al-Awwal may also be called Jumada Al-Akhirah and, like Jumada Al-Awwal, the name derives from the Arabic word for land devoid of rain.

Rabi al-Awwal: Significance in the Islamic Calendar

The month of Rabi’ Al-Awwal is also described as the Birth of the Beloved, as this marks the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), in addition to his death.

Rabi al-Thani: Understanding the Islamic Month

The month of Rabi’ Al-Thani is also sometimes called Jumada Al-Akhirah, and it’s recommended to recite the Holy Qur’an daily in this month, as it is every other month.

The Month of Safar

The month of Safar is known as the Month of Distinction and got its name due to many homes being vacant during this month. Allah (SWT) instructed Muslims to travel to Medina to avoid the ongoing battles in the month.

The Sacred Month of Muharram: Reflection and Renewal

The month of Muharram is synonymous with the month of Allah (SWT). Muslims across the globe partake in the 10th Muharram fasting in order to honour the Day of Ashura.

Islamic Months:

The Month of Jamada Al Awwal

Meaning of Jumada Al-Awwal: The first month of summer.

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Meaning of Shawwal: To lift or carry.

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Meaning of Sha’ban: To branch.

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The Sacred Month of Dhul Hijjah

Meaning of Dhul Hijjah: Inheritor to the pilgrimage.

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The Month of Ramadan

Meaning of Ramadan: Scorching heat.

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Dhul-Qa'dah: Insights into the Islamic Month

Meaning of Dhul Qadah: Master of truce.

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Rajab: Holy Month in the Islamic Calendar

Meaning of Rajab: To respect.

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The Month of Jamada Al-Thani

Meaning of Jumada Al-Thani: The second month of summer.

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Rabi al-Awwal: Significance in the Islamic Calendar

Meaning of Rabi’ Al-Awwal: First spring.

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Rabi al-Thani: Understanding the Islamic Month

Meaning of Rabi’ Al-Thani: Second spring

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The Month of Safar

Meaning of Safar: Void.

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The Sacred Month of Muharram: Reflection and Renewal

Meaning of Muharram: Inviolable.

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Significant dates within the Islamic (Hijri) Calendar

Eid ul-Fitr 22 April 1 Shawwal
The Islamic New Year 31 July 1 Muḥarram
The Day of Ashura 09 August 10 Muḥarram
Ramadan for kids 08 March 15 Sha‘ban
Ramadan is here: It’s normal to feel nervous, so we’ve got your back 23 March 1 Ramadan
Dhul Hijjah Begins 20 June 1 Thu al-Hijjah
Al Isra’ wal Mi’raj (The Night Journey and Ascension) 18 February 27 Rajab
Laylatul Qadr 18 April 27 Ramadan
The 12th of Rabi Al-Awwal 08 October 12 Rabi‘ al-awwal
Eid al-Adha: Significance and Celebration 29 June 10 Thu al-Hijjah
The Day of Arafah 28 June 9 Thu al-Hijjah
Home Page Tab 1 Events 15 January 22 Jumada al-akhirah
Channel Your Greatness in Rajab the month of Allah 14 February 23 Rajab
Forget your New Year's resolution: Ramadan is around the corner 06 January 13 Jumada al-akhirah
How to get kids involved in Ramadan with fun decorations 07 March 14 Sha‘ban
Ramadan tips, duas, recipes and more 09 March 16 Sha‘ban
Should Muslim Aid's Zakat Advice Be the Best? Why We Think So 15 March 22 Sha‘ban
Giving Charity on Special Nights 20 March 27 Sha‘ban
Ramadan health advice: Let’s talk protein 28 March 6 Ramadan
Your Zakat saved hundreds of earthquake victims in Indonesia – here's how 31 March 9 Ramadan
LIVE TRANSMISSION 03 April 12 Ramadan
Palestine under attack: Here’s what you need to know 05 April 14 Ramadan
Sadaqah Jariyah 06 April 15 Ramadan
As Laylat Al-Qadr approaches, here’s how you can maximise your duas 07 April 16 Ramadan
Allah King of Kings | Series 11 April 20 Ramadan
Muslim Aid’s statement on My Ten Nights 12 April 21 Ramadan
Converse with Allah SWT 15 April 24 Ramadan
The passing of former Trustee Syed Mohammad Tanzeem Wasti (1938-2023) 01 May 9 Shawwal
You voted us as the most loved humanitarian charity in the UK – thank you 10 May 19 Shawwal
How Aaqil’s search to repay his mama beyond the grave quenched a sunken village in Pakistan 15 May 24 Shawwal
Muslim Aid sends its heartfelt congratulations to Dr Hany Al-Banna OBE, one of the founding trustees of Muslim Aid, for receiving the 2023 Daniel Phelan Award for Outstanding Achievement. 09 June 20 Thu al-Qa‘dah
Qurbani resource page – 1444/2023 19 June 30 Thu al-Qa‘dah
The blessings and healing of Yawm Al Arafah, but with a little secret 27 June 8 Thu al-Hijjah
Community-based child sponsorship Summer 2023 17 July 28 Thu al-Hijjah
Finding Zen during a flood: Lessons from our Prophet Nuh (AS) 24 July 6 Muḥarram
Yes, Muslims should care about climate change 26 July 8 Muḥarram
Allah will split seas for you – remembering Musa (AS) in Muharram 27 July 9 Muḥarram
Walk in faith with taqwa: Lessons from Ashura 28 July 10 Muḥarram
Muslim Aid supports UK food banks to combat cost-of-living in London borough 09 August 22 Muḥarram
Between natural disasters and war, here’s how we build resilient homes in Syria 31 August 14 Ṣafar
Muslim Aid Appoints New CEO with Renewed Focus on UK Operation 06 September 20 Ṣafar
Students, here are duas for studying 11 September 25 Ṣafar
Muslim Aid UK staff in Morocco to oversee earthquake response 15 September 29 Ṣafar
Grief and anxiety as Agadir’s earthquake history haunts its people amid the Marrakesh tragedy 18 September 3 Rabi‘ al-awwal
Join us for a hike in the Peak District! 20 September 5 Rabi‘ al-awwal
Your Moroccan brothers and sisters are making dua for you! 29 September 14 Rabi‘ al-awwal
How is Muslim Aid getting aid into Gaza? 12 October 27 Rabi‘ al-awwal
Muslim Aid condemns Al-Ahli hospital bombing in Gaza 18 October 3 Rabi‘ al-akhir
Bangladesh 01 November 17 Rabi‘ al-akhir
Tribute to Eman Abu Saeid, our colleague who was tragically killed in Gaza 08 November 24 Rabi‘ al-akhir
How the Afghanistan Earthquake is Affecting Communities 10 November 26 Rabi‘ al-akhir
How to Prepare for Ramadan: Physically, Spiritually and Mentally 09 November 25 Rabi‘ al-akhir
Grieving Palestine and Afghanistan? Here’s how to cope: 14 November 1 Jumada al-ula
Muslim Aid welcomes the temporary truce in Gaza 24 November 11 Jumada al-ula
As we enter our 38th year, the need is greater than ever 29 November 16 Jumada al-ula
Your ambulance is ready to enter Gaza 08 December 25 Jumada al-ula
The Silent Crisis: Winter in Afghanistan 11 December 28 Jumada al-ula
Muslim Aid congratulates trustee Dr Sara Pantuliano on King's nomination 03 January 21 Jumada al-akhirah
Muslim Aid is the first major UK charity in Leicester to provide relief to Storm Henk victim 04 January 22 Jumada al-akhirah
Leicester ‘could get worse’, local officials say 05 January 23 Jumada al-akhirah
After 100 Days of War Leading Humanitarian Charity on the Ground in Gaza Urges for Ceasefire as Millions Need Vital Aid 15 January 4 Rajab
Pregnant Palestinian women are not a target 22 January 11 Rajab
Muslim Aid calls for reinstating funding to UNRWA 31 January 20 Rajab
Turkey-Syria earthquake: One year on 06 February 26 Rajab
The Red Sea situation means Yemen may face another food crisis before Ramadan 07 February 27 Rajab
Letter to the Prime Minister from the Humanitarian and Human Rights Sector on Rafah 13 February 3 Sha‘ban
The Benefits of Giving Zakat and Sadaqah in Ramadan 21 February 11 Sha‘ban
Essential Ramadan Dua for the Holy Month 12 February 2 Sha‘ban
The Moral and Spiritual Benefits of Giving Charity in Ramadan 16 February 6 Sha‘ban
Ramadan Moon Sighting in 2024 19 February 9 Sha‘ban
Celebrating Diversity in Ramadan Traditions Around the World 20 February 10 Sha‘ban
SNP MP mentions Muslim Aid's advocacy during Gaza ceasefire vote 22 February 12 Sha‘ban
Muslim Aid’s Gaza emergency relief recognised by UN 06 March 25 Sha‘ban
Welcoming the Month of Mercy 08 March 27 Sha‘ban
Ramadan Activities for Children 11 March 1 Ramadan
Permissible Entertainment in Islam 07 March 26 Sha‘ban
How is Meat Distributed for Qurbani? 13 March 3 Ramadan
Muslim Aid’s UK Feed The Fasting featured on BBC’s 6 o’clock news. 14 March 4 Ramadan
Muslim Aid distributes 2,000 meals a day in starved northern Gaza 15 March 5 Ramadan
Muslim Aid condemns the attack on Gaza’s Al-Shifa hospital and ‘using starvation as a weapon of war’ 18 March 8 Ramadan
Leading by example: Does Muslim Aid have the best Zakat guide? 20 March 10 Ramadan
Muslim Aid welcomes UN resolution calling for ceasefire 26 March 16 Ramadan
Download your easy-to-read Zakat guide today. 29 March 19 Ramadan
Muslim Aid in collaboration with Wahed to help Palestinians build generational wealth 01 April 22 Ramadan
Muslim Aid extends condolences to World Central Kitchen following Gaza attack 02 April 23 Ramadan
Muslim Aid's CEO Khalid Javid on BBC interview tells the truth on aid entering Gaza 04 April 25 Ramadan
BBC Radio features Muslim Aid to discuss the safety of aid workers in Gaza twice in one day 05 April 26 Ramadan
Today could be the last day of Ramadan! 08 April 29 Ramadan
Muslim Aid cosigns letter urging UK PM to reinstate UNRWA funding to support Palestinian refugees 03 May 24 Shawwal
More than 300 dead in Afghanistan flash floods 13 May 5 Thu al-Qa‘dah
Muslim Aid’s Yusuf Kalam features on BBC Verify to discuss #AllEyesOnRafah 05 June 28 Thu al-Qa‘dah
What is Umrah and How Do You Perform It? 13 June 6 Thu al-Hijjah
On these blessed Duhul Hijjah days, let’s honour Qurbani in West Bank, the place where Ibrahim (AS) is buried 14 June 7 Thu al-Hijjah

* These dates are dependent on moon sightings

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