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This article is a part ofQurbani 2017
Q. What is Qurbani?
Qurbani is the act of offering a sacrifice on Eid-al-Adha. It commemorates the supreme sacrifice offered by the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to show his total submission and gratitude towards Allah (SWT). It is also one of the compulsory acts of Hajj.
Once our beloved Prophet (SAW) was asked, What is Qurbani? The Prophet (SAW) answered: ‘It is the Sunnah of your father Ibrahim (AS). For every hair of the Qurbani you receive a reward from Allah (SWT).' (Hadith - Trimidhi).
Q. How is Qurbani distributed in the UK?
Through our partners and agencies in the UK, we identify disadvantaged and poor members of the community. If you choose our UK Qurbani programme, 1/3rd of the meat will be delivered to the poor in line with the Sunnah and 2/3rd of the meat will be delivered to you to distribute to family, friends and the needy by Sunday 3rd/Monday 4th September. Our UK Qurbani programme delivers meat to beneficiaries nationwide and costs £150.
Q. Why do we sacrifice an animal during Qurbani?
The Holy Quran informs us that in a vision, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) saw that he offered his son Isma'eel (AS) in sacrifice to Allah (SWT). When he shared this vision with his son, Isma'eel (AS) said: "O my father! Do as you are commanded: you will find me, if Allah so wills, one practising patience and constancy." However, when Prophet Ibrahim (AS) carried out the commandment, Allah (SWT) replaced him with a ram.
Q. How can I perform a Qurbani with Muslim Aid?
You can donate a Qurbani by sending a cheque, cash, online or by calling us on: 020 7377 4200
Please note: Cheques must reach us by 1st September 2017
Q. What happens to the meat of Qurbani sacrifice?
It is recommended that the meat of the Qurbani sacrifice is shared equally in three parts between (1) the family members of the person performing Qurbani, (2) his/her relatives and friends and (3) poor people. In developed countries, it is very difficult to perform Qurbani. Hence, it is permitted to arrange for Qurbani in a different country on one's behalf. In this case, the whole Qurbani is distributed among the poor people.
Muslim Aid ensures that Qurbani is performed in the country band that you choose and distributes the meat of the sacrifice to the needy and poor people.
"It is not their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah. It is your piety that reaches Him; He has thus made them subject to you that you may glorify Allah for His guidance to you and proclaim the good news to all who do right." (22:37) Al Quran
Q. Why can't I choose which animal to sacrifice?
The type of animal available and local customs play a role in the type of animal that is actually wanted by the beneficiary. Using a system of units, Muslim Aid is able to ensure that the meat received by the beneficiary is of the highest quality and is culturally acceptable.
Q. Which animals can be sacrificed?
Qurbani animals are goats, sheep, cattle and camels. It is necessary that the goat is one (full) year old, whether male or female. A cow, bull or buffalo will have to be two years old, and a camel five years. Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani.
A sheep (of any kind) not less than six months old, so strong and fat that it appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani, otherwise it will have to be one (full) year old.
If an animal seller says that the animal has reached the required age, and outwardly there is no sign to disprove it, then it is permissible to rely on his statement.
No other type of animals are allowed for Qurbani. In addition, the animals should be in good health.
Q. What are the days and times for Qurbani?
The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Dhull Hijjah. The first day is better than the second and the second better than the last. In towns, cities and villages where jumu'ah and 'Eid prayers are performed, Qurbani is not permissible before the 'Eid Salat. However you can and should order your Qurbani with Muslim Aid at any time before Eid.
We will make sure that the sacrifice is actually carried out on Eid day itself. It is perfectly permissible to order your Qurbani before Eid.
Q. Is Qurbani obligatory? If so on whom?
According to most Muslims qurbani is obligatory upon every sane male/female that has wealth in excess to his/her needs. Normally those who are eligible to pay Zakat have to give a Qurbani. There is no certain Nisab to offer a Qurbani; the only thing which is mentioned by the Prophet (PBUH) is that a person should be capable financially to afford it.
Notes: What is Nisab?
Q. What is the difference between Qurbani and Udhiyah?
Essentially, there is no difference between the two terms. Udhiya is an Arabic word meaning "blood sacrifice", and ‘Qurbani' is an Urdu and Persian word derived from the Arabic word "Qurban" which literally means an act performed to seek Allah's pleasure. Qurbani is far more popular among the Muslims of UK, but Udhiya is also used commonly.
Q. What is the Need is Greatest category?
The Need is Greatest Qurbani will be carried out on Eid and then be canned and distributed to where the need is greatest. Canning the meat allows for less wastage and a more effective distribution. This also allows the meat to be used for many months after Eid ul Adha, for example where there is an emergency need due to disaster or crisis.
Q. Why have a banding system?
Muslim Aid has created a banding system to ensure that donations are spread over all countries to reflect donor demand, as well as other factors, such as the capacity of the implementing partner and the level of need. The banding method allows Muslim Aid to be fairer with allocations, especially given the large numbers of countries where we operate.
Q. How does the Qurbani programme work at Muslim Aid?
This year, Muslim Aid will be carrying out Qurbani in 24 countries around the world. We have arranged the programme into seven price bands this year to ensure we can distribute meat more effectively. We also provide can-packed meat and distribute to where the need is greatest in conflict and disaster zones. We have a family Qurbani pack at £189 for seven units. We also have a UK Price band for £150. We provide 1/3 of the meat to some of the most vulnerable people in the UK. 2/3 will be delivered to your door. Once you select a band and price which is suitable for you, Muslim Aid will carry out the Qurbani in one of the countries in your chosen band.
Q. Do I need to do anything special if I intend to offer a sacrifice?
A person who intends to perform a Qurbani sacrifice should refrain from cutting their hair or nails, or removing parts of the skin, during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.*
*Some believe that this applies on everyone who is doing a sacrifice and some say it is only for the people who are performing Hajj.