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Rabi al-Awwal

Rabi al-Awwal (also known as Rabi Ul Awal) is the third month of the Islamic calendar and follows Muharram and Safar. Rabi al-Awwal literally translates to “the first spring”, despite this, the meaning has no relevance in today’s climate. This is because the Islamic calendar follows the lunar calendar as opposed to the solar seasons. As a result, Rabi al-Awwal will occur in autumn this year.

What is Rabi al-Awwal?

Rabi al-Awwal is a significant month for Muslims due to a series of notable events that took place during this time. These include the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Hijrah of the Prophet (PBUH), when he travelled from Mecca to Medina, and finally, the death of the Prophet (PBUH) on 12th Rabi al-Awwal in the eleventh year of Islam. 

Event One: The Prophet’s (PBUH) Birth

As we now know, the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the first of the notable events during Rabi al-Awwal. The exact date of the Prophet’s (PBUH) birth varies from the 8th to the 17th in different narrations during Rabi al-Awwal. Despite this, multiple narrations say the 12th and he was certainly born on a Monday. 

Interestingly, the Prophet’s (PBUH) birth had been long anticipated, with mention of it up to five centuries prior. Prophet Isa (AS) declared: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah [sent] to you, confirming the Torah (Law) [which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad” (Quran, 61:6).

Similarly, prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il (AS) prayed for the Prophet’s (PBUH) birth as they rebuilt the Kaaba. They appealed: “Our Lord, send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise” (Quran, 2:129).

Furthermore, the Prophet’s (PBUH) birth, and everything surrounding it, was miraculous, such as his mother’s awareness of a light within her during her pregnancy. One day, this phenomenal light shone from her so powerfully that she could see the castles and palaces of Syria. 

In addition to his biological mother, the Prophet’s (PBUH) foster mother became aware of blessings upon her family after fostering the Prophet (PBUH). Her family was suffering from drought, yet she took the Prophet (PBUH) as her foster child and, as a result, her family’s sources of milk were plentiful. 

Event Two: The Hijrah of the Prophet (PBUH)

Hijrah is the event that we date the Islamic calendar from, wherein The Prophet (PBUH) and Abu Bakr travelled from Mecca to Medina. The first year of the Islamic calendar was determined by the first year that the Prophet (PBUH) and Abu Bakr spent in Medina. Therefore, the Islamic year is indicated by “AH” (After Hijrah) and we are presently in the year 1443 AH. 

The Hijrah represented a fresh start for Muslims, highlighting the importance of justice, wisdom, and mercy.

Event Three: The Prophet’s (PBUH) Death

The Prophet (PBUH) passed away on Monday 12th Rabi al-Awwal in the eleventh year of Islam. He had been unwell on the days leading up to his death and his family and closest friends had come to accept that he would soon be returning to Allah (SWT).

Despite this, many Muslims were in adamant disbelief, claiming that it seemed impossible that he should have left them. However, Abu Bakr reminded the community that the Prophet (PBUH) was a human messenger rather than an immortal being. 

The Prophet (PBUH) was given a choice by Allah (SWT); he had to decide whether he wanted to live slightly longer or return to Allah (SWT). The Prophet (PBUH) decided that he would return to Allah (SWT), leaving behind much grief and sorrow. 

Therefore, Rabi al-Awwal is also a month of mourning and remembrance regarding the loss of the Prophet (PBUH). 

Why is Rabi al-Awwal Sacred?

Rabi al-Awwal is one of the most sacred months in Islamic history due to the blessing of the birth of the Prophet (PBUH). His birth was “a mercy to the worlds” (Quran, 21:107), due to him enlightening the Arabs, Persians, and Romans. Such enlightenment came in the form of guiding the world away from the darkness of ignorance and oppression, and into the light of Tawhid. The Prophet (PBUH) was responsible for the achievement of true justice and peace, influencing Allah (SWT) to choose Rabi al-Awwal to elucidate such mercy. 

The Prophet (PBUH) was recognised as a blessed and special child even prior to his birth. During the time, no one else had ever used his name, which translates to “one who is praised”.

When is Rabi al-Awwal 2021?

Rabi al-Awwal is expected to commence on Thursday 7th October 2021 or Friday 8th October 2021, depending on the sighting of the new moon.

Make the Most of Rabi al-Awwal

Unlike some of the other significant months in the Islamic calendar, there are no recommendations to fast, pray, or make dua during Rabi al-Awwal. Despite this, it is always a good idea to start practicing Prophetic habits, such as visiting the sick and elderly, feeding the poor, and smiling often; this will revitalise or reinforce your connection with the Prophet (PBUH).

You can learn from the Prophet’s (PBUH) merciful nature by donating to Muslim Aid today. 

The Muslim Aid team wishes you a very happy Rabi al-Awwal Mubarak!

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