Qurbani (also known as Udhiya, sometimes called the Sunna of Ibrahim) is the important Islamic practice of sacrificing a livestock animal during the festival of Eid ul-Adha. This festival takes place between the 10th and the 12th of the month of Dhul Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar.
Eid ul-Adha is a celebration of the resolute and unflinching will of the Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) who was commanded by Allah (SWT) to sacrifice his only son. Yet at the final moment, a miracle happened and his beloved son was saved.
The Qurbani sacrifice is where Muslims remember this humble act of complete and utter devotion. Every year, hundreds of millions of Muslims perform Qurbani in accordance with the Sunna of Ibrahim.
Qurbani instils the same devotion and dedication within Muslims towards Allah (SWT) as the Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) showed. Even though the act of Qurbani itself is to bring death to the animal, the actual meaning is about life. It is meant to teach Muslims restraint, obedience to Allah (SWT), devotion to righteousness, and Taqwa.
After the livestock animal has been sacrificed, its meat is divided into three equal portions - one for the individual performing Qurbani, one for the family of the Muslim who provided the animal, and one for the poor and needy.
Qurbani, therefore, serves as an important means to both remember and provide for the most vulnerable in our communities, ensuring they are not left excluded from community-wide celebrations. By sacrificing an animal during the Eid ul-Adha festivities, Qurbani brings the entire Ummah together.
The purchasing or provision of a Qurbani animal, otherwise known as paying the Qurbani price, is an obligation upon every Muslim who is financially able to do so. There are strict Qurbani rules about the kind of animal, the quality of life, and the way it is to be sacrificed.
Qurbani in the UK often does not mean sacrificing an animal locally. Instead, Muslims in the UK will often provide an animal for a family or community elsewhere in the Ummah, forgoing the portions normally given to you and your neighbours, and instead providing more shares for those most in need.
At Muslim Aid, we are proud to announce that we will be carrying out extensive Qurbani projects in 2019. Last year, your Qurbani donations reached some of the most isolated and poverty-stricken places around the world. You can learn more here.
We urge you to donate generously so that the positive influence of Qurbani can be felt around the world this Eid ul-Adha, Inshallah.