Qurbani is an obligation that we are commanded to perform by Allah (SWT). Therefore, it is vital that we follow the Qurbani meat distribution rules and regulations. Below is a brief guide to the rules and recommendations of Qurbani.
Every Muslim must perform Qurbani. The only exceptions are as follows:
You are permitted to donate Qurbani on behalf of other people, including those who have passed away. However, you are not expected to provide Qurbani animals on behalf of your children.
Meat from Qurbani animals should be distributed equally in three parts. It should be given to the family, friends and the poor (both Muslim and non-Muslim alike). If you perform Qurbani with a partner/partners, the meat should be shared by weight, not by approximation. You cannot pay the butcher with the meat, fat and by-products of the slaughtered animal. The skin can be kept for personal use, but if it is sold, the amount must be given to the poor.
Qurbani must be performed on the tenth, eleventh and twelfth days of Dhul-Hijjah, the time of the festival of Eid ul-Adha. By the Gregorian calendar, that is the 12th, 13th and 14th of August in 2019, depending on the sighting of the moon. Qurbani must be performed as close to the completion of Eid Salah as possible.
Qurbani animals should be purchased a few days before the sacrifice. They must be properly fed and well cared for in the intervening days.
The animals which are eligible for Qurbani are:
In addition, all animals must be healthy and free of disease, including the following conditions:
There is no preference between male or female Qurbani animals. It is preferable that male Qurbani animals are castrated, but this is not compulsory.
It is best to slaughter the animal yourself, but if you do not know how, you should remain present whilst someone else sacrifices the creature. It is also necessary to say "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar" when slaughtering the animal. Slaughtered animals are not to be skinned until completely cold.