Qurbani Meat Distribution Rules

Qurbani is an obligation that we are commanded to perform by Allah (swt). Therefore, it is vital that we follow the Qurbani meat distribution rules and regulations. Below is a brief guide to the rules and recommendations of Qurbani.

Who Must Perform Qurbani?

Every Muslim must perform Qurbani. The only exceptions are as follows:

  • Those who do not possess 52.5 tolas of silver, or the wealth equivalent
  • Those not of sound mind
  • Those who have not yet reached and passed puberty
  • Those who are travelling and are more than the Shar’i distance from home (approximately 40-45 kilometres)

You are permitted to donate Qurbani on behalf of other people, including those who have passed away. However, you are not expected to provide Qurbani animals on behalf of your children.

Who Can Receive Qurbani Meat?

Meat from Qurbani animals should be distributed equally in three parts. It should be given to the family, friends and the poor (both Muslim and non-Muslim alike). If you perform Qurbani with a partner/partners, the meat should be shared by weight, not by approximation. You cannot pay the butcher with the meat, fat and by-products of the slaughtered animal. The skin can be kept for personal use, but if it is sold, the amount must be given to the poor.

When Must Qurbani Be Performed?

Qurbani must be performed on the tenth, eleventh and twelfth days of Dhul-Hijjah, the time of the festival of Eid ul-Adha. By the Gregorian calendar, that is the 12th, 13th and 14th of August in 2019, depending on the sighting of the moon. Qurbani must be performed as close to the completion of Eid Salah as possible.

When Must Qurbani Animals Be Purchased?

Qurbani animals should be purchased a few days before the sacrifice. They must be properly fed and well cared for in the intervening days.

Which Animals Can Be Sacrificed?

The animals which are eligible for Qurbani are:

  • Sheep and goats at least one year in age (enough for one person’s Qurbani)
  • Cows or buffalo at least two years in age (enough for seven people’s Qurbani)
  • Camels of at least five years in age (enough for seven people’s Qurbani)

In addition, all animals must be healthy and free of disease, including the following conditions:

  • They must not be blind, one-eyed or have lost a third (or more) of their sight
  • They cannot be missing a third (or more) of their ear or tail, either through loss or since birth
  • Their horn(s) cannot be broken off from their root
  • They must not have a lame leg that is sufficiently weak that they are unable to walk on it
  • They cannot be excessively thin or lean
  • They must be able to walk themselves to the site of slaughter
  • They cannot be toothless, or missing over half their teeth

There is no preference between male or female Qurbani animals. It is preferable that male Qurbani animals are castrated, but this is not compulsory.

How Should Qurbani Animals Be Sacrificed?
  • The animal should be slaughtered with a sharp knife to avoid causing undue suffering
  • The knife should not be sharpened in front of the animal
  • No animal should be slaughtered in the presence of another

It is best to slaughter the animal yourself, but if you do not know how, you should remain present whilst someone else sacrifices the creature. It is also necessary to say "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar" when slaughtering the animal. Slaughtered animals are not to be skinned until completely cold.

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